Analysis revealed that the cause of the anomalous motion was human error. While Stafford and Cernan guided the lunar module into position, Young monitored the procedure with sextant and radio ranging, ready to use the command module to control the docking if the lunar module failed. I always like this section of these reports, because it provides an insight to the crew's feelings on the operation of the space vehicle and the mission in general. They took numerous photos of the lunar terrain, especially the planned landing sites. The lowest measured point in the trajectory was 47,400 feet 7. Lunar Module: Snoopy Command and Service Module: Charli The Apollo 10 mission was a complete staging of the Apollo 11 mission without actually landing on the Moon. It was also the first time all members of a three-person crew had previously flown in space.
Astronauts Thomas Stafford and Eugene Cernan decended inside the Lunar Module to within 14 kilometers of the lunar surface achieving the closest approach to the Moon before Apollo 11 landed two months later. The spacecraft had been in lunar orbit for 31 lunar orbits lasting 61 hours 37 minutes 23. Although some problems occurred, most were minor and none caused a constraint to completion of mission objectives. Windler second shift , and M. After a three-day cruise, Apollo 10 entered lunar orbit. Cernan had been pilot of Gemini 9-A. The pass was highlighted by a test of the landing radar, visual observation of lunar lighting, stereoscopic strip photography, and execution of the phasing maneuver using the descent engine.
On the final day at the Moon, after further surveying and navigation-related tasks, the crew fired the rockets that would propel them out of lunar orbit and send them home. First time the complete Apollo spacecraft had operated around the Moon and the second manned flight for the lunar module. After a combined analysis of Apollo 8 and 10 trajectory reconstructions, the lunar potential model was expected to be entirely adequate for support of lunar descent and ascent. The mission was designed to demonstrate the capabilities of astronauts, space vehicles and mission-support facilities during a lunar mission and to evaluate lunar module performance in the lunar environment. Some camera malfunctions were reported and although some communications difficulties were experienced, the crew provided a continuous commentary of their observations.
Transearth injection was achieved at 137:39:13. He had been pilot of Gemini 6-A and command pilot of Gemini 9-A. The Apollo 10 crew was the first in the U. The apogee and perigee were based upon a spherical Earth with a radius of 3,443. The docked spacecraft were ejected at 003:56:25. The translunar coast had lasted 73 hours 22 minutes 29.
. This book finally puts in one place four of the most important documents from this auspicious flight, The Apollo 10 Press Kit, The Apollo 10 Pre-Launch Mission Operation Report, The Apollo 10 Post Launch Mission Operation Report and The Apollo 10 Post Launch Mission Operation Report Supplement. The goal was to send a second crew into deep space but this time with the fully equipped hardware that would be required for a lunar landing. Naval Postgraduate School in 1963, and was selected as an astronaut in 1963. The picture quality of lunar scenes was excellent.
The goal was to send a second crew into deep space but this time with the fully equipped hardware that would be required for a lunar landing. In addition, visual observations and stereoscopic strip photography of Apollo Landing Site 2 first planned lunar landing site would be attempted. Since the Apollo 10 mission was a dress rehearsal for the first landing mission, many of the questions and subsequent answer are related to rendezvous and docking in lunar orbit. Another valuable volume for the space enthusiast. A 29-minute 9-second scheduled color television transmission of the lunar surface was conducted at 080:44:40, with the crew describing the lunar features below them.
Young had each flown two missions in Earth orbit as part of the Gemini program; lunar-module pilot Eugene A. The passive thermal control technique and the navigation procedures used on the translunar portion of the mission were also used during the return trip. The mission also carried the designation Eastern Test Range 920. Born 14 March 1934 in Chicago, Illinois, he was 35 years old at the time of the Apollo 10 mission. But mission control reported that as long as the misalignment was less than six degrees, there would be no problem. It was an early design that was too heavy for a lunar landing, or, to be more precise, too heavy to be able to complete the ascent back to the command module. The mission events simulated those for a lunar landing mission.
The rendezvous simulated one that would follow a normal ascent from the lunar surface. The mission was the second to orbit the Moon and the first to travel to the Moon with the entire Apollo spacecraft configuration. Lunar Module: Snoopy Command and Service Module: Charlie Brown Crew: Thomas P. After a rest period, the crew conducted landmark tracking and photography exercises. A high pressure cell in the Atlantic Ocean off the New England coast caused southeasterly surface winds and brought moisture into the Cape Canaveral area, which contributed to overcast conditions.
It started with a 27. Prior to transearth injection, views of the lunar surface and spacecraft interior were transmitted to Earth for 24 minutes 12 seconds starting at 132:07:12. Selected as an astronaut in 1962, Stafford was making his third spaceflight. They might have wanted to, but it was impossible for that lunar module to land. The command and lunar modules—Charlie Brown and Snoopy—were named after characters in the comic strip, Peanuts. The descent stage went into lunar orbit. It was trucked the same day to the North American Rockwell Space Division facility in Downey, California, for postflight analysis.