They provide coherence for the study of human evolution. This is timely as growing evidence shows that tropical rainforests, far from being unfavourable for human exploitation as was traditionally thought see e. Breakdown in adaptation occurs when an individual cannot cope with demands inherent in his environment. Evaluating the mitochondrial timescale of human evolution. Snodgrass, Leonard, and Roberston provide issues of hominid dietary evolution i. One key factor is thought to have been the expansion of grassland and open woodland habitats beyond Africa.
Evidence is reviewed here to demonstrate that the subsistence activities of hominins did in fact have an effect on local and regional environments as humans expanded their niches and territorial ranges in the Pliocene and Pleistocene. People or materials were at least periodically moving considerable distances in both directions by the later millennia of the Pleistocene. The recent discovery of a human calvarium that has been provisionally dated to 54. These data indicate preferential sediment generation in the steep, wetter upper reaches of the Song Gianh. As the early story of our species continues to be uncovered, humanity's initial emergence and spread even within this one continent is being shown to be increasingly complex, ancient and pan-African in perspective ,,; there are indications that whatever the narrative of our wider dispersal, we should expect it to be similarly multifarious. Genomic and cranial phenotype data support multiple modern human dispersals from Africa and a southern route into Asia.
Here we present the first Chinese Hoabinhian lithic implements in their stratigraphic and chronological context within a rockshelter site, and we address the question of the dispersal of modern humans from South China to Southeast Asia. Diverse resource management economies in the Sunda and neighbouring regions appear to have accompanied rather than replaced a reliance on hunting and gathering. The wetter tropical zones of northern Australia are linked by their monsoonal climates. As can hopefully be seen in the volume, Although this is a fundamental research topic, much of the these papers provide important reviews of the current research research continues to be undertaken by specialists and there in these areas, as well as often present new research on dietary is, with some notable exceptions e. Perera Postgraduate Institute of Archaeology, University of Kelaniya , Bauddhaloka Mawatha , Colombo 7 , Sri Lanka e-mail: nimalach hotmail. These findings further diminish the likelihood that a neatly uniparental dispersal out of Africa was the sole source of early human occupation in eastern provinces of Asia, Southeast Asia or Sahul. As a result, the presence or absence and the structure of primate communities are useful indicators of temporal and spatial variations in climate and environment.
Author by : Yehudi A. Quaternary Arabia saw dramatic environmental oscillations, and these most likely played a pivotal role in determining the timing and character of H. We explore the implications for current debates on the prehistoric origins of agricultural subsistence in mainland Southeast Asia. The latter two are also referred to as the Middle-toUpper Palaeolithic Transition. Rabett reveals an evolutionary relationship between colonization, the challenges encountered during this process - especially in relation to climatic and environmental change - and the forms of behaviour that emerged. Hominin dispersals in the Pliocene and Pleistocene have led to repeated range expansions of multiple human species, some with significant niche constructing behaviours.
Many of the terrestrial taxa were able to float or swim e. Here we report subfossil evidence of giant muntjac, a mandible fragment dated between 11. We present new stratigraphic information and dating evidence from Leang Burung 2 collected during the course of our excavations at this site in 2007 and 2011—13. Although there is a small assemblage of mostly undiagnostic ceramics and stone artefacts, there are some distinct changes in stone artefact technology and ceramic fabric. Why did modern human populations disperse from Africa ca. The position of both gives strong indication of how these cartilaginous points were hafted and gives insight into their potential function.
Multiple dispersals and modern human origins. Examination of the artefacts and biological remains from Niah suggests that human inhabitants of the cave were already eminently capable of exploiting tropical environments. There is little doubt that humans have dramatically transformed global ecosystems since the adoption of agriculture by many societies in the Holocene. Gorman, 1970; Forestier et al. While the rate of genetic advances has been impressive, the rate of archaeological and fossil discoveries has kept pace, although they do not yet mutually reinforce the genetic story in all respects.
. We argue that clear evidence exists for human adaptation to rainforest ecologies from c. This book argues that human modernity is not something achieved in the remote past in one part of the world, but rather is a diverse, flexible, responsive and ongoing process of adaptation. This brief thematic overview of the early history of hominin occupation in East and Southeast Asia explores the effects of that divergence. Through case studies, historical accounts, and technical reviews authored by leading figures in the field, the volume examines how zooarchaeological data and interpretation are shaped by its methods of practice and explores the impact of these effects at varying levels of investigation.
Discovered in 1925, the skull was the first fossilised found in. Local- and regional-scale impacts of the ~74 ka Toba supervolcanic eruption on hominin populations and habitats in India. New evidence for a 67,000-year-old human presence at Callao Cave, Luzon, Philippines. Did early humans go north or south? Early modern humans and morphological variation in Southeast Asia: fossil evidence from Pa Ling, Laos. Rapid flooding of the Sunda Shelf: a late-glacial sea-level record. We conclude with the contention that there is need for more regionalised explanations for the emergence of complex human behaviours.
The rapidity with which such changes to our understanding of the dispersals of H. My research goals are two-fold: firstly, to better understand these localised trajectories of early human behaviour; but also, secondly, to find ways of melding principles of Pleistocene adaptation often forged under capricious conditions into contemporary economic models and responses. Revising the human mutation rate: implications for understanding human evolution. This reanalysis uses the zooarchaeological assemblage recovered from Spirit Cave to understand hunter-gatherer use and occupation at the site during the Pleistocene — Holocene transition. This book examines the first human colonization of Asia and particularly the tropical environments of Southeast Asia during the Upper Pleistocene.
The drivers and motivations that lie behind the expansion of Lower Pleistocene hominin populations into Eurasia and the Far East are still being debated. At the site of Riwi, in northwestern Australia, fragments of marine Dentalium sp. If the Song Gianh is representative of coastal Vietnam then the coastal mountains may have produced around 132,000—158,000 km3 of the sediment now preserved in the Song Hong-Yinggehai Basin 17—21% of the total , the primary depocenter of the Red River. However, in contrast to the significance that is placed on this technology in other parts of the world, until recently, Southeast Asian assemblages have drawn only very limited attention. Described at the end of the twentieth century, the large-antlered or giant muntjac, Muntiacus gigas syn.